Locale L10N

This plugin provides localization(l10n) support for Transloco.

Localization refers to the adaptation of a product, application or document content to meet the language, cultural and other requirements of a specific target market (a locale).

Installation#

npm i @ngneat/transloco-locale

Setup#

Inject TranslocoLocaleModule along with TranslocoModule into TranslocoRootModule:

transloco-root.module.ts
import { TranslocoLocaleModule } from '@ngneat/transloco-locale';
@NgModule({
imports: [
TranslocoLocaleModule.init()
],
...
})
export class TranslocoRootModule {}

Localization Pipes#

The library provides localization API provided by pipes or from a service, base on the native Javascript's API.

Date Pipe#

Transform a date into the locale's date format.

The date expression could be: a Date object, a number (milliseconds since UTC epoch), or an ISO string.

my-comp.component.html
<!--9/10/2019-->
<span> {{ date | translocoDate }} </span>
<!-- Sep 10, 2019, 10:46:12 PM-->
<span>
{{ date | translocoDate: { dateStyle: 'medium', timeStyle: 'medium' }}
</span>
<!-- 7:40:32 PM Coordinated-->
<span>
{{ date | translocoDate: { timeZone: 'UTC', timeStyle: 'full' } }}
</span>
<!-- Jan 1, 1970-->
<span>
{{ 1 | translocoDate: { dateStyle: 'medium' } }}
</span>
<!-- Feb 8, 2019-->
<span>
{{ '2019-02-08' | translocoDate: { dateStyle: 'medium' } }}
</span>

Currency Pipe#

Transform a given number into the locale's currency format.

The library comes out of the box with locale currency mapping, so once the locale is change the currency will automatically display the right currency. The currency mapping could be customise if needed through the config, and could be provided by LOCALE_CURRENCY_MAPPING token.

my-comp.component.html
<!--$1,000,000.00-->
<span> {{ 1000000 | translocoCurrency }} </span>
<!--1,000,000.00 US dollars-->
<span>
{{ 1000000 | translocoCurrency: 'name' }}
</span>
<!--$1,000,000-->
<span>
{{ 1000000 | translocoCurrency: 'symbol' : { minimumFractionDigits: 0 } }}
</span>

Decimal Pipe#

Transform a given number into current locale's decimal number format.

my-comp.component.html
<!--1,234,567,890-->
<span>
{{ 1234567890 | translocoDecimal }}
</span>
<!--1234567890-->
<span>
{{ 1234567890 | translocoDecimal: {useGrouping: false} }}
</span>

Percent Pipe#

Transform a given number into current locale's percent number format.

my-comp.component.html
<!--100%-->
<span> 1 | translocoPercent </span>
<!--100%-->
<span> "1" | translocoPercent </span>

Setting Locale#

The library provides three different ways to set the locale.

Translation file names#

Using locale format for the translation files will automatically declare the locale on langChanges$ event:

โ”œโ”€ i18n/
โ”œโ”€ en-US.json
โ”œโ”€ en-GB.json
โ”œโ”€ es-ES.json

Language Locale Mapping:#

Users who don't have more than one locale per language could provide a language to locale mapping object using the config's langToLocaleMapping:

transloco-root.module.ts
import { TranslocoLocaleModule } from '@ngneat/transloco-locale';
@NgModule({
imports: [
TranslocoLocaleModule.init({
langToLocaleMapping: {
en: 'en-US',
es: 'es-ES'
}
})
],
...
})
export class TranslocoRootModule {}

Manually Setting Locale:#

The third option in manually setting the locale, this could be done by calling setLocale method from localeService:

app.component.ts
export class AppComponent {
constructor(private service: TranslocoLocaleService) {}
ngOnInit() {
this.service.setLocale('en-US');
}
}

Configuration Options#

Let's go over each one of the config options:

  • localeConfig?: Declare the default configuration of the locale's formatting. A general configuration could be set using the global property, for a configuration by locale use localeBased property (default value determine by the native Javascript's API).
  • defaultLocale?: The default locale formatted in BCP 47 (default value: en-US),
  • langToLocaleMapping?: A key value object that maps Transloco language to it's Locale (default value: {}).
  • localeToCurrencyMapping?: A key value object that maps the Locale to it's currency (formatted in ISO 4217) (the library provide a default value with all of the existing mapping).

Locale Format Options#

There are two types of formatting options, one for date and one for number.

The formatted options could be declared in three levels

  1. In the module's configuration (as mentioned above):
transloco-root.module.ts
import { TranslocoLocaleModule } from '@ngneat/transloco-locale';
const globalFormatConfig = {
date: {
dateStyle: 'long',
timeStyle: 'long'
}
};
const esESFormatConfig = {
date: {
timeStyle: 'medium'
},
currency: {
minimumFractionDigits: 0
}
};
@NgModule({
imports: [
TranslocoLocaleModule.init({
localeConfig: {
global: globalFormatConfig,
localeBased: {
'es-ES': esESFormatConfig
}
}
})
],
...
})
export class TranslocoRootModule {}
  1. It could be set in the component's providers using LOCALE_CONFIG token:
my-comp.component.html
@Component({
selector: 'my-comp',
templateUrl: './my-comp.component.html',
providers: [
{
provide: LOCALE_CONFIG,
useValue: localeConfig
}
]
})
export class MyComponent {}
  1. We can pass it to each pipe in the HTML template:
my-comp.component.html
<span>
{{ date | translocoDate: { dateStyle: 'medium', timeStyle: 'medium' }}
</span>
<span>
{{ number | translocoDecimal: {useGrouping: false} }}
</span>

Note the format option of the global, locale's format and the one's being passed in the template, will be merged. While the template is the stronger one and then the locale and the global.

Number Format Options#

  • useGrouping- Whether to use grouping separators, such as thousands separators or thousand/lakh/crore separators. Possible values are true and false; the (default is true).
  • minimumIntegerDigits- The minimum number of integer digits to use. Possible values are from 1 to 21 (default is 1).
  • minimumFractionDigits- The minimum number of fraction digits to use. Possible values are from 0 to 20 (default is 0).
  • maximumFractionDigits- The maximum number of fraction digits to use. Possible values are from 0 to 20 (default is 3).
  • minimumSignificantDigits- The minimum number of significant digits to use. Possible values are from 1 to 21 (default is 1).
  • maximumSignificantDigits- The maximum number of significant digits to use. Possible values are from 1 to 21 (default is 21).

Date Format Options#

  • dateStyle - The date formatting style.
  • timeStyle - The time formatting style.
  • timeZone - The time zone to use. The only value implementations must recognize is "UTC"; the default is the runtime's default time zone. Implementations may also recognize the time zone names of the IANA time zone database, such as "Asia/Shanghai", "Asia/Kolkata", "America/New_York".

Service API#

  • localeChanges$ - Observable of the active locale.
  • localizeDate() - Transform a date into a locale's date format.
  • localizeNumber() - Transform a number into the locale's number format according to the number type.
  • getLocale - Gets the active locale.
  • setLocale - Sets the active locale.
  • getCurrencySymbol - Gets the currency symbol for a given locale. If no locale is specified the currently active one is used.
translocoLocaleService.localeChanges$.subscribe(activeLocale => ...)
translocoLocaleService.localizeNumber(1234567890, 'decimal') // 1,234,567,890
translocoLocaleService.localizeNumber(0.5, 'percent') // 50%
translocoLocaleService.localizeNumber(1000, 'currency') // $1,000.00
const locale = translocoLocaleService.getLocale();
translocoLocaleService.setLocale('en-US')
translocoLocaleService.getCurrencySymbol() // $

Localization Transformer#

In some cases you might want to customize the localization transformation, to achieve that you could provide your own localization transformer class.

There are two types of transformers for date and number:

custom-transformer.ts
export class CustomDateTransformer implements TranslocoDateTransformer {
public transform(date: Date, locale: Locale, options: DateFormatOptions): string {
return ...
}
}
export class CustomNumberTransformer implements TranslocoNumberTransformer {
public transform(
value: number | string,
type: NumberTypes,
locale: string,
options: Intl.NumberFormatOptions
): string {
return ...
}
}
export const customTransformers = [
{
provide: TRANSLOCO_DATE_TRANSFORMER,
useClass: CustomDateTransformer
},
{
provide: TRANSLOCO_NUMBER_TRANSFORMER,
useClass: CustomNumberTransformer
},
];